The Douglas Dauntless, called with affection the "Speedy D", was the plane that broke the Imperial Japanese Navy's neck in 1942. I was advised by Eric Bergerud in an Email conversation that I could hardly overestimate the importance of this plane.
began when the Navy in 1934 asked for offers for an low-altidute bomber
with the ability to dive. Northrop, having only recently left Douglas,
offered the BT-1, and the Navy, after having seen it fly, order 54 machines
in 1936. But flight tests on USS Yorktown and Enterprise showed
serious problems with this plane, finally canceling its use.
However, the contract with the Navy foresaw also the continued development of the BT-1, and Northrop continued it by putting a Wright-Cyclone engine in and calling the result the XBT-2. Further testing reveled other flaws, and finally, Northrop had a nice plane, and left any connection to Douglas behind.
time, Douglas bought Northrop Corporation, and the plane was renamed XSBD-1,
and named Dauntless.
A first batch of these planes, of the SDB-1 type, was bought by the Marines. 57 planes were build.
Douglas continued the design by adding more fuel tanks, making the SDB-2, which was first brought to sea on USS Enterprise and USS Lexington. In addition, the SDB-1 was deemed okay for sea operations.
Over the time, Douglas build more variants. The SDB-3 was using self-sealing fuel tanks, and improved armor protection for the crew. Part of the 580 planes of this batch came from a order of the French Air Force, cancelled by German tanks. Interestingly, the Free French Air Force, after the liberation of the better part of France, came to use several dozend Dauntlesses in the air support role until the German surrender.
of SDB-4, -5, and -6 added more details of improvement, and when the production
ceased in 1944, 5936 planes had been been build. The
Dauntless won tremendous successes. Dauntlesses participated
in the sinking of all six Japanese carriers lost in 1942, sinking four
by themselves alone. Another two cruisers were their preys, plus many destroyers,
transports, and submarines. Numerous small craft were also part of the
||Length: 10.09 meters
/ 33.1 ft.
Wingspan: 12.66 meters / 41.53 ft.
Weight Empty: 2965 kg / 6546.74 lbs.
Weight Loaded: 4250 kg / 9369 lbs.
Weight Maximum: 4717 kg / 10400 lbs.
Armament: 2 x 12.7mm forward firing, 2 x 7.7mm defensive armament for gunner. 1 x 454 kg / 1000 lbs or 2 x 227 kg / 500 lbs or 1 x 227 kg / 500 lbs and 2 x 45 kg / 100 lbs bombs.
Top Speed: 403 km/h / 250 mph
Range: 1785 km / 1110 miles
Ceiling: 7400 meters / 24278 ft.
Climb Rate: 517.8 meters per minute / 1700 feet per minute